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Cheat Sheet

Docker useful commands.

Container management

Avoid container termination after executing CMD or Entrypoint

If you have a Dockerfile similar to this one:
FROM nginx
COPY my-custom-script.sh /
ENTRYPOINT ["/my-custom-script.sh"]
# OR
# CMD /my-custom-script.sh
And after my-custom-script.sh exits, docker stops the container, you can fix the problem as follows.
Fist, make sure you are using COPY instead of ADD in your Dockerfile to copy your script.
Edit my-custom-script.sh and add the following line at the end:
...
# Run all command line arguments
Then make sure to use a command when running your container, for example /bin/bash
docker run \
-tid \
-p 8080:8080 \
--name test \
my-custom-image \
/bin/bash

Bash TTY connect

docker exec -ti CONTAINER-NAME-HERE /bin/bash

Run container

docker run \
-tid \
--name test \
-p 8080:8080 \
-e MY_VAR='MY-VALUE' \
nginx

Run docker-in-docker

docker run --rm -it -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock docker

Start container on boot

Run your container with --restart=always flag.
Or add the the flag to an existing container:
docker update --restart=always <container>

CLI tricks

Attach

docker attach CONTAINER-NAME
If you press CTRL+C to exit it will stop the container. To exit without stopping the container press CTRL+P then CTRL+Q

Image management

Create image from container

docker commit CONTAINER-NAME NEW-IMAGE-NAME

Create image from Dockerfile

docker build -t NEW-IMAGE-NAME .

Create image from AWS AMI

Get your AMI snapshot ID

Access your AWS console and go to EC2, AMIs. Find your AMI and check its Block Devices, for example:
/dev/sda1=snap-081e01478359d5bec:30:true:gp2
snap-081e01478359d5bec is the AMI snapshot ID, which will be used as the source for a new device.

Create a new volume from your AMI snapshot ID

In your AWS console go to Snapshots. Filter using your snapshot ID, for example: snap- 081e01478359d5bec.
Right click on it, then select Create Volume. Add a tag key Name and input your new volume’s name.

Attach your new volume to an instance

Launch a new instance or use an existing one.
Keep in mind the instance must have enough space to store a temporary tar le from your AMI volume.
In your AWS console go to Volumes. Filter by your Volume Name (you created previously).
Right click on it, then select Attach Volume.
Select your instance and choose a Device, for example: /dev/sdf
Click on Attach.

Mount your new volume

SSH connect to your instance and mount the volume you just created.
mount /dev/xvdf1 /mnt
Note your Device was renamed to /dev/xvdf

Install Docker

Install Docker in your instance.

Create Docker image

SSH connect to your instance and mount the volume you just created.
tar -c -C /mnt/ . | docker import - YOUR-IMAGE-NAME
Replace YOUR-IMAGE-NAME
This command might take a while depending on the size of your volume.

Testing

List your docker images. Find YOUR-IMAGE-NAME and get its Image ID.
Run a container from your new image.
docker run -tid dd5935d36306 /bin/bash

Cleanup

If everything is OK you can umount your volume:
umount /mnt
Then go to your AWS Console, Volumes. Find the volume you created previously, right click on it then select Detach Volume. Then right click on it again then select Delete Volume.

References

Cleanup dangling images

docker rmi -f $(docker images -f "dangling=true" -q)
Or.. the docker system prune command will remove all stopped containers, all dangling images, and all unused networks:
docker system prune

Inspect

List run command used

docker run --rm -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock \
assaflavie/runlike YOUR-CONTAINER

Show mounted volumes

docker inspect -f '{{ .Mounts }}' containerid